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  • An Arizona History Adventure

    Sharlot Hall Museum is an educational and cultural center, which fosters public and community understanding and appreciation of historical, social, and natural aspects of Arizona, with emphasis on the Central Highlands, and which promotes involvement in and support for research, collections, conservation, exhibits, and related programs. Read More
  • Territorial Women's Memorial Rose Garden

    The Territorial Women's Memorial Rose Garden is dedicated to those women of Arizona who prepared the way for others. The suggestion that a memorial rose garden be established on the grounds of the Sharlot Hall Museum was first made in 1938 by Mrs. Nick Perkins. Read More
  • About Sharlot M. Hall

    "To the mother that bore my body; to the land that mothered my soul." —dedication from "Cactus and Pine," Sept. 10, 1924 Sharlot Mabridth Hall was an unusual woman for her time: a largely self-educated but highly literate child of the frontier. Born October 27,1870, she traveled with her family from Kansas to the Arizona Territory in 1882. Her impressions of this journey remained with Read More
  • 1864 Governor's Mansion

    In the summer of 1864, workers under Samuel Blair built this log house for the governor's home and office. It is the oldest building associated with Arizona Territory still standing on its original location. Undoubtedly the Mansion escaped demolition because of Sharlot Hall, who founded this Museum in the Governor's Mansion in 1927. Read More
  • 1927 Durant Star Touring Car

    The transportation building was constructed in 1937 and served as an automotive repair shop. It holds the Museum’s vehicle collection, which includes a stagecoach used in Tombstone, Arizona (and held up at least one time), a Conestoga wagon once driven from Yuma, Arizona to Massachusetts, and Sharlot Hall’s personal Durant Star Touring car. Read More
  • The Baskets Keep Talking

    Sharlot Hall Museum holds a magnificent collection of more then 400 Native American baskets; most are over 100 years old. "The Baskets Keep Talking" exhibit relates the Yavapai-Prescott Indian tribe’s history and culture through baskets and the stories they reveal.The displayed collection features examples from 25 Arizona tribes and includes an 800-year-old Anasazi basket in excellent condition. Read More

The Spanish-American War inspired a time of unabashed patriotism

By Norm Tessman

"THE MOTHER'S FAREWELL," "CUBA LIBRE!," AND "REMEMBER THE MAINE;" Pop culture of the Spanish-American war.

It was a war of images, symbols, and souvenirs, of sabre-rattling slogans and patriotic pins. It was a time for thundering marches by John Philip Sousa and heart-rending ballads about young men leaving their mothers to go fight in a foreign land. It was an era of unabashed flag-waving, lurid yellow journalism, and widespread hero worship.

On April 24, 1998, the Sharlot Hall Museum will open "1898, Arizona Goes to War," an exhibit about the events and people of the Spanish-American war. In addition to uniforms, weapons, text, and photographs, the exhibit will offer sheet music, art, war souvenirs, and a variety of other popular cultural items from 1898. Besides reflecting the sentiments of the folks back home, these items trace the unfolding events of 1898.

Perhaps the best-known slogan of the war was "Remember the Maine," often followed by "- to Hell with Spain." It appeared on badges, ribbons, wall hangings, souvenir spoons, and anywhere else it could be printed. A variety of lithographs also depicted the explosion, often with sailor's bodies flying into the air. Pieces of iron, reputedly from the Maine's hull, were sold as mementos. The American battleship Maine exploded in Havana harbor on February 15, 1898. American newspapers and the public screamed for revenge and "Remember the Maine" became a cry for war. Ironically, the explosion now seems likely to have been accidental.

Cuban flags, with their blue and white stripes and red triangle, waved at public meetings and appeared on souvenir pins. Americans saw the Cubans as underdogs in their long rebellion against Spain, much as people in this country had been a century before. "Cuba Libre!" meaning "Free Cuba" was the accompanying battle cry.

The war inspired a profusion of dramatically illustrated sheet music, as composers poured out marches and ballads about the conflict. Many songs honored heros such as Admiral George Dewey, Teddy Roosevelt, and the Rough Riders, or events such as the sinking of the Spanish fleet in the Philippines. John Philip Sousa's marches praised American soldiers and sailors, and the American flag which they served.


Nearly 200,000 volunteer soldiers, from every state and territory, enlisted in 1898. Art prints, sheet music covers, and hand- tinted photographs dramatically depicted these men leaving their mothers, sweet-hearts, and homes. Depending upon who they are kissing "good-bye," titles might be "The Mother's Farewell," The Soldier's Goodbye," or "From Love to War." In some scenarios, a child sits near the soldier's feet, holding his rifle.

It was our country's most popular war, and patriotism extended even to children. Young boys formed martial groups such as Prescott's "Brodie's Cadets," and well-to-do parents purchased miniature uniforms, and toy rifles. One such costume, to appear in the Museum's exhibit, is a high quality reproduction of the uniform and cap of an artillery officer, but sized for a small child.

People avidly clipped art from popular magazines, particularly that by illustrators such as Frederic Remington and Howard Chandler Christy. The meaning of some of these prints are obscure today without knowledge of the events of the war. One Christy sketch in the Museum's collection shows a fashionable woman talking to a wounded returning soldier. She asks "Are you one of our heroic 71st?" He replies, "No, I ain't no hero. I'm a regular." The 71st New York Volunteer Infantry was famous for taking heavy casualties below Kettle Hill in Cuban fighting, but this soldier is adamant about belonging to one of the "Regular" federal regiments rather than a volunteer unit.

The faces of leaders such as Theodore Roosevelt, President McKinley, and admirals Sampson and Dewey appeared on postal envelopes and cards as well as on less-utilitarian souvenir pins, buttons, and flags. The reverse of a black formal necktie bears Roosevelt's picture, labeled "Our Teddy," on a red, white, and blue background. Photo images, some for viewing in stereopticons which made them appear three dimensional, pictured army training camps, navy battleships, and village life in Cuba and the Philippines.

The charge up San Juan Hill was another popular image. It appeared in an amazing variety of lithographs. These ranged from Frederic Remington's relatively accurate depiction of Teddy Roosevelt leading the running Rough Riders (he left out the troops of other regiments who were with them) to others showing all the combatants on horse back or armed with civil war muskets. Later, "wild west" shows would feature recreations of the Rough Riders' attack.

Although the Sharlot Hall Museum has an outstanding Spanish-American War collection (including two attributed Rough Rider uniforms), we are eager to obtain other material for the exhibit. If you have pop art or anything else to loan or donate, please call Norm or Mike at 445-3122.

(Norm Tessman is Senior Curator at the Sharlot Hall Museum)

Illustrating image
Sharlot Hall Museum Photograph Call Number:(mil218pa)
Reuse only by permission.
: Arizona volunteers for the Spanish-American War, later known as Roosevelt's Rough Riders, muster at Fort Whipple less than 2 months after the "Maine" was destroyed at the harbor in Havana, Cuba, on February 15, 1898. This scene was repeated across our country in 1898 as some 200,000 young men volunteered to serve in the Spanish-American War.

Top News of the Week

  • Featured Exhibits +

    If you could see the world from the edge of a flying carpet, how could you ever measure it again? Come to Sharlot Hall Museum and you will be taken to a world rarely visited by humans. For 40 years, Read More
  • Dr. Heidi J. Osselaer Named Sharlot Hall Award Winner +

    Sharlot-Hall-Heidi- Osselaer Author and professor Dr. Heidi J. Osselaer will be honored as the 2011 recipient of the Sharlot Hall Award for valuable contributions to the understanding and awareness of Arizona and its history.

    The award presentation will take place during the

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Upcoming Events

Dedication of Sharlot's Depot
Sat Apr 26, 2014 @ 2:00PM -

"Charity on Whiskey Row" legend
Sat May 10, 2014 @ 2:00PM -

Ft. Whipple Sesquicentennial Birthday Party
Sat May 17, 2014 @ 2:00PM -

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We invite you to request a tour date and time for your group. The scheduler will let you know immediately if your requested time is available.

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After you submit a request, museum staff will review it and confirm your tour by email.

Arizona Family Getaway

Sharlot Hall Family Getaway

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Museum Admission

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Regular Admission Prices
•  $7 adults age 18-64
•  $6 seniors age 65 and over
•  $6 active military
•  $3 children ages 13-17 (12 and under free)
•  Free with membership
(Note that Festivals and Special Events have separate price schedules)

Museum Hours

May through September
Monday - Saturday: 10:00 am - 5:00 pm 
Sunday: 12:00 pm - 4:00 pm

October through April
Monday - Saturday: 10:00 am - 4:00 pm
Sunday: 12:00 pm - 4:00 pm

Archives & Library Hours

New Library & Archives Fall Hours

The Library & Archives will be open to the public as follows:
Wednesday - Friday: 12:00 pm to 4:00 pm
Saturday: 10:00 am to 2:00 pm
You can contact the L&A Reference Desk at 928-445-3122 ext. 14

Public Meeting Notice