Territorial Women's Memorial Rose Garden

Pauline Marie Schindler O'Neill was born January 13, 1865, in San Francisco,
California, daughter of W. F. R. Schindler and Rosalie Young Schindler. She
arrived at Fort Whipple, Arizona Territory, about 1884.

As a school teacher, probably in Williamson Valley, she caught the eye of Hoof and Horn newspaper editor Buckey O'Neill. On April 27, 1886, in Prescott, Arizona Territory, she married William Owen O'Neill. He was a
Yavapai County probate judge, sheriff, tax assessor, ex-officio school
superintendent, reporter, editor, publisher, court recorder and mayor of Prescott.

Pauline and Buckey had two children: "Buckey" Jr., born January 1, 1887, who died at two weeks of age, and Maurice, adopted on October 15, 1897.

At the start of the Spanish-American War in 1898, Buckey co-founded the First United States Volunteer Cavalry (Roosevelt's Rough Riders). He recruited the men for Troop A of that regiment. On July 1, 1898, Buckey was killed at Kettle Hill, Cuba, while serving as regimental captain.

Pauline honed her political skills with several leadership positions in the Arizona Territorial Women's Suffrage Association, including at least one term as president. She helped Arizona women earn the right to vote, four years before the 19th amendment was enacted by Congress. Her first political office was an appointment to the Yavapai County Board of Examiners.

In 1917, she was elected to the Arizona Legislature, the first woman from Maricopa County to win a seat. Serving two terms from 1918-1921, she supported many women's and children's issues, including Arizona's ratification of the 19th amendment, a plan to codify the governance of the public schools, and a minimum wage for women.

Pauline also sponsored the bill that purchased the "old" Governor's Mansion in Prescott, thus paving the way for Sharlot Hall's dream 10 years later. She was an active member of the Women's Relief Corps, Prescott's Chautauqua Circle, Monday Club, Women's Temperance Union, Phoenix Women's Club, American Red Cross and the Catholic Church.

Her work for the Women's Relief Corps and the American Red Cross made a tangible impact on many families and soldiers suffering post-war hardships, and earned her a commendation from the Red Cross for her contributions during WWII.

Pauline married Eugene Brady O'Neill (Buckey's brother) on May 16, 1901, in Phoenix. Brady was an attorney, territorial legislator and a leader in Arizona's Democratic Party. He died in 1918.

Pauline died on January 12, 1961, in Hollywood, California. She was buried in the Calvary Cemetery in Los Angeles.

Donors: Sharlot Hall Museum staff and volunteers

Additional documentation and photographs may be available in the Sharlot Hall Museum Archives and Library.